Hardangervidda nasjonalpark

 

Hardangervidda er Nord-Europas største fjellplatå med fantastiske fiskemuligheter, riktdyreliv,og  planteliv og spektakulære fossefall. Hardangervidda er et spesielt verdifullthøylandt og den største nasjonalparken på fastland i Norge. Området er spesielt viktig for den største villreinflokken i Europa, samt som tilholdsted for underbefolkninger av sjeldne fuglearter i Sør-Norge.Sporsetterå hvordan folk harbenyttett naturressursene er fremtredende på Hardangervidda i form av stier, spor, husly og sætre.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Når isen smeltet i Hardangervidda Nasjonalpark for omkring 9000 år siden, begynte det å vokse lavmose. Denne mosen ga næringsgrunnlaget for reinsdyrene som også finnes i området i dag. Det antas at folk fulgte etter reisndyrene og ankom kort tid etter, spor etter tidlig etablering kan ses flsteder. e.  De eldste av disporene ssefra  er ca. 6500 f.KDe

Den ville reinsdyrene i Hardangervidda Nasjonalpark er Europas største flokk, med rester av den opprinnelige europeiske villreinflokken. Flokken består vanligvis av om lag 12 000 individer, selv om tallet variere.ere

 

 

 

 

 

Fra vintermarkene på østsiden av vidda vandrer reinsdyrene mot vest, hvor nedbør og næringsrike jordformer danfrodig,odig saftig gress for både reinsdyr og fe. I begynnelsen av mai ankommer reinsdyrene kalvområdene Vestvidda og Veigdalen. Reinsbukkerunghjort ort beiter i bjørkeskogen i denne tida.

 

Gjennom sommeren forsøker reinsdyrå ene komme unna mygg og andre insekter, og går ofte opp til høyere strøk og snødekte fjelltopper. Etter paringstiden på høsten, vandrer flokken til østsiden.

Reinsdyr

 

Fisk

 

Fiskeressursene på vidda har lokket vandrere og fiskere til dette utrolige fjellområdet i generasjoner. Fjellvandrere utnytter fortsatt viddas utallige vassdrag og de mange fiskevannene.

 

I de mange grunne vannene på vidda er ørret den enerådende arten, noe som er helt unikt. Fisken fra Hardagervidda brukes fremdeles i matproduksjon i dag, og området er mest kjent for Rakfiskutvikling.

Fugler

 

Hardangervidda Nasjonalpark er tilholdssted for over 120 fuglearter, hvor 10 av disse er rovfugler. Nettop derfor har området fått plass på listen "Important Bird Areas". Spennende arter kan oppleves mange steder på vidda, og det lønner seg vanligvis å gå litt utenfor merkede stier. Sjangsen er størst om sommeren for å se flest ulike fuglearter. Hvis du derimot er ute etter de sjeldne fuglene eller øsnker å se klekkingen, vil du antakelig få den beste opplevelsen i slutten av mai, før snøen har smeltet helt. Vær imidlertid oppmerksom på at dette kan kreve bruk av ski eller annet egnet fottøy. Bare noen få arter forblir i Hardangervidda om vinteren.

Hardangervidda National park

Hardangervidda is Northern Europe's largest mountain plateau. Here are the vast, wide expanses, fishing opportunities galore, rich animal and plant life and spectacular waterfalls. Hardangervidda is a particularly valuable highland area and the largest national park in Norway.

The area is important as the home of the largest wild reindeer herds in Europe and the largest sub¬populations of many species of birds that

are comparatively rare in southern Norway. The plateau has a large diversity of plants in the

boun¬dary area between western and eastern species.

 

Evidence of how people have utilised the natural resources is prominent on Hardangervidda in the

form of paths, tracks, shelters and transhumance summer dairy farms. The hunting and fishing

resources are still actively used by people living in the surrounding area.

 

 

Birds

 

You will find over 120 species of birds on Hardangervidda, 10 of these are birds of prey. Hardangervidda Nationalpark is on the Important Bird Areas list, because of its many rear birds and nesting grounds.  Exciting species can be experienced in many places on the wilderness, and it usually pays to go a little off the beaten track and at times other than the most visited.

 

Summer is the best time of year to visit Hardangervidda if one is looking to see as many of the birds as possible.If one dare venture out on an expedition before the snow completely melts early in the spring,  from late May to the end Of June you might get the best experience. However, please note that this may require the use of skis or other suitable footwear. Only a few species stay in Hardangervidda  during the winter time.

Fish

 

Some of the things that lure us to the mountains today have attracted captivators and tourists to the area for generations. The vast expanses of fishing possibilities and wildlife were the "food" of our ancestors.

 

Mountain hikers are still drawn to the countless watercourses and the many fishing waters. In the many shallow waters on the canyon, the trout is the predominant species, which is unique in such a large area worldwide.

 

Fishing resources are still used activly by people living in the surrounding area. And several traditional norwegain dishes use the fish from this area, amonst these we fisnd the local "Rakfisk"

 

 

 

 

 

When the ice melted in Hardangervidda baout 900 years ago, reindeer moss started growing, wich gave the nutritional basis for the caribous exsitence in the area. It is assumed that people followed suit shortly thereafter, and early establishments are found in the area. The oldest of these are approxomatly 6500 BC.  Some of these establishments have been used throught the stone age, bronze age and the iron age alike. Hunting pits can still be seen today.

 

The wild caribou herd in Hardangervidda National park is Norways and Euspoes biggest herd, with remains of the original eurooean mountan caribou, wich is otherwise exstinct. The herd usually consist of about 12. 000 individuals, althoug the number might vary.

 

Artic Fox

 

The artic fox has been protected by law msince 1930, yet it seems that it is problematic to establish a stable population in Hardangervidda Nationalpark. The authorities is currently make an attempt to increase the population by breeding puppies, but much is uncertain about how successful this is. You might still be lucky and catch a glimpse of these amazing and rear creature.

 

Elk

 

 

The elk is most active and easiest to detect at dawn and at dusk.

Watch closely for moose as you pass through fields or timber felling areas. The king of the forest can be seen in the National Park but it is more common to see elk in the forest border around Hardangervidda.

Beaver

 

It is not uncommon to see beaver in rivers along the Hardangervidda National Park. Originally there were beaver in much of northern Europe. Because of the fine coat, the beaver was eagerly hunted, and in many places it was completely eradicated. Many place names at Hardangervidda tell us that the beaver must have been more common before. Bjoreio in the west and Bjordalen on the eastern shore are examples of this. During the 1900s, the beaver population increased and we can find a solid beaver population many places in the area around the National Park today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

From the winter pastures on the eastern shore, the wild cariou wander to the west, where precipitation and nutritious soils forms lush succulent grass for both caribou and cattle. Early in May, the pregnant Sims will reach the calving areas of Vestvidda and Veigdalen.  Caribou bucks and young deer graze in the birch forest.

 

 

Throught the summer, the caribou try to escape mosquitos and other bugs, and often walk up to higher grounds and snowy mountain tops. After the copulation period in the fall, the herd wanders to the east side of the nationalpark.

The largest wild reindeer herds in Europe

Hardangervidda became ice free about 9000 years ago.

Lichens began to grow on the bare ground, providing

food for reindeer. Every spring, the large herds of wild

reindeer migrate westwards from their winter grazing

on the eastern part of the plateau to where high precipitation

and nutrient-rich soils provide good summer

grazing with succulent grass for both reindeer and

domestic livestock. Early in May, the pregnant females

reach their calving grounds. Disturbing them then may

prove disastrous. The males and juveniles migrate to

lower ground and graze in the birch woods.

The reindeer need to escape from mosquitoes and

warble flies later in the summer, and several thousands

may then gather on snowfields on higher ground. After

the rutting period in autumn, the animals migrate

east¬wards again to the windy lichen heaths. The availability

of winter grazing limits the size of the reindeer

stock on Hardangervidda. The objective of the wild

Black-throated diver (KOJ)

A wild reindeer herd on Hardangervidda (KN) Stoat (KN)

reindeer management is to stabilise the winter population

to accommodate it to the grazing resources.

The flat landscape with its numerous lakes and wetlands

distinguishes Hardangervidda from other mountainous

areas in southern Norway. This habitat forms the basis

for a large and important population of many kinds of

ducks and other wetland species. The breeding populations

of black-throated divers, scaups, velvet scoters,

common scoters, dot¬terels, Temminck’s stints, great

snipes and shore larks are particularly valuable.

 

People and the plateau

People probably came to Hardangervidda at the same

time as the reindeer, after the last Ice Age. About 250

Stone Age sites have been found, the oldest dating

from 6300 BC. The people probably led a nomadic life,

follow¬ing the reindeer migration routes. Many of the

sites are close to bottlenecks in the landscape, where

migrating reindeer herds became compacted to cross

lakes and rivers. The early hunters just used bows and

arrows, but later they also drove the animals into traps

and pitfalls. Botanists have shown that, at times during

the Stone Age, Hardangervidda had woodland and scattered

trees as high as 1100 – 1200 m. Finds from excavations

of Stone Age sites show that the people hunted reindeer

and ptarmigan; elk and trout bones were also found.

The old paths crossing the plateau were important

routes linking southeast and west Norway. Nordmannsslepa,

which links Veggli in Numedal with Eidfjord, with

branches to Hol and Uvdal, is a particularly well-known

path. Shelters used by hunters and fishermen, cattle pens

and transhumance summer dairy farms scattered over

the plateau take our minds back to the hard times when

people had to utilise the resources on Hardanger¬vidda

to survive.

A reindeer hunter (SR) An old house site (KN)

Riding on Hardangervidda (SR)

In our day too, the natural resources on Hardangervidda

are very valuable for the surrounding settlements.

Hardangervidda National Park differs from other

Norwegian national parks because it has been used

a great deal by local people, has many buildings and

much privately owned land. Consequently, there is a

conside¬rable amount of motorised traffic associated

with the harvesting of resources, the upkeep of buildings

and the running of lodges and huts for hikers and skiers.

Large flocks of sheep are taken there to graze each

summer, and for many people fishing and hunting are

highly valued forms of relaxing recreation and sources

of food.

 

Norwegian national parks –

our common natural heritage

National parks are designated to protect large

areas of unspoilt countryside – from the sea to the

mountaintops – for the sake of Nature herself, we

ourselves and future generations.

The national parks contain a wealth of splendid

scenery and varied animal and plant life, waterfalls,

glaciers, towering peaks, never-ending plateaus,

deep forests, and beautiful fjords and coasts.

Cultural heritage sites also show how the areas

were used in bygone days.

The national parks offer a vast range of thrilling and

exciting natural history. Make use of the fantastic

Norwegian countryside – on Nature’s own terms.

Welcome to Norwegian national parks!

 

Caribou

 

 

Hardangervidda National park

Hardangervidda is Northern Europe's largest mountain plateau. Here are the vast, wide expanses, fishing opportunities galore, rich animal and plant life and spectacular waterfalls. Hardangervidda is a particularly valuable highland area and the largest national park in Norway.

The area is important as the home of the largest wild reindeer herds in Europe and the largest sub¬populations of many species of birds that

are comparatively rare in southern Norway. The plateau has a large diversity of plants in the

boun¬dary area between western and eastern species.

 

Evidence of how people have utilised the natural resources is prominent on Hardangervidda in the

form of paths, tracks, shelters and transhumance summer dairy farms. The hunting and fishing

resources are still actively used by people living in the surrounding area.

 

 

Birds

 

You will find over 120 species of birds on Hardangervidda, 10 of these are birds of prey. Hardangervidda Nationalpark is on the Important Bird Areas list, because of its many rear birds and nesting grounds.  Exciting species can be experienced in many places on the wilderness, and it usually pays to go a little off the beaten track and at times other than the most visited.

 

Summer is the best time of year to visit Hardangervidda if one is looking to see as many of the birds as possible.If one dare venture out on an expedition before the snow completely melts early in the spring,  from late May to the end Of June you might get the best experience. However, please note that this may require the use of skis or other suitable footwear. Only a few species stay in Hardangervidda  during the winter time.

Fish

 

Some of the things that lure us to the mountains today have attracted captivators and tourists to the area for generations. The vast expanses of fishing possibilities and wildlife were the "food" of our ancestors.

 

Mountain hikers are still drawn to the countless watercourses and the many fishing waters. In the many shallow waters on the canyon, the trout is the predominant species, which is unique in such a large area worldwide.

 

Fishing resources are still used activly by people living in the surrounding area. And several traditional norwegain dishes use the fish from this area, amonst these we fisnd the local "Rakfisk"

 

 

 

 

 

When the ice melted in Hardangervidda baout 900 years ago, reindeer moss started growing, wich gave the nutritional basis for the caribous exsitence in the area. It is assumed that people followed suit shortly thereafter, and early establishments are found in the area. The oldest of these are approxomatly 6500 BC.  Some of these establishments have been used throught the stone age, bronze age and the iron age alike. Hunting pits can still be seen today.

 

The wild caribou herd in Hardangervidda National park is Norways and Euspoes biggest herd, with remains of the original eurooean mountan caribou, wich is otherwise exstinct. The herd usually consist of about 12. 000 individuals, althoug the number might vary.

 

Artic Fox

 

The artic fox has been protected by law msince 1930, yet it seems that it is problematic to establish a stable population in Hardangervidda Nationalpark. The authorities is currently make an attempt to increase the population by breeding puppies, but much is uncertain about how successful this is. You might still be lucky and catch a glimpse of these amazing and rear creature.

 

Elk

 

 

The elk is most active and easiest to detect at dawn and at dusk.

Watch closely for moose as you pass through fields or timber felling areas. The king of the forest can be seen in the National Park but it is more common to see elk in the forest border around Hardangervidda.

Beaver

 

It is not uncommon to see beaver in rivers along the Hardangervidda National Park. Originally there were beaver in much of northern Europe. Because of the fine coat, the beaver was eagerly hunted, and in many places it was completely eradicated. Many place names at Hardangervidda tell us that the beaver must have been more common before. Bjoreio in the west and Bjordalen on the eastern shore are examples of this. During the 1900s, the beaver population increased and we can find a solid beaver population many places in the area around the National Park today.

 

 

Plants

The plateau has a large diversity of plants in the boundary area between western and eastern species.  The plant cover is most lush in the lime and folitt-rich area around Haukeli and in the west and north parts of the park. The ground is more acidic on the eastern side of the nationalpark, wich creates the base for the reindeer moss. The left side of the nationalpark experience more rain and has a more even temperature, wich creates a higher desnity of plants, with lush succulent grass and plants it is used as teh summer grassing area for both caribou and cattle.

 

 

 

 

From the winter pastures on the eastern shore, the wild cariou wander to the west, where precipitation and nutritious soils forms lush succulent grass for both caribou and cattle. Early in May, the pregnant Sims will reach the calving areas of Vestvidda and Veigdalen.  Caribou bucks and young deer graze in the birch forest.

 

 

Throught the summer, the caribou try to escape mosquitos and other bugs, and often walk up to higher grounds and snowy mountain tops. After the copulation period in the fall, the herd wanders to the east side of the nationalpark.

The largest wild reindeer herds in Europe

Hardangervidda became ice free about 9000 years ago.

Lichens began to grow on the bare ground, providing

food for reindeer. Every spring, the large herds of wild

reindeer migrate westwards from their winter grazing

on the eastern part of the plateau to where high precipitation

and nutrient-rich soils provide good summer

grazing with succulent grass for both reindeer and

domestic livestock. Early in May, the pregnant females

reach their calving grounds. Disturbing them then may

prove disastrous. The males and juveniles migrate to

lower ground and graze in the birch woods.

The reindeer need to escape from mosquitoes and

warble flies later in the summer, and several thousands

may then gather on snowfields on higher ground. After

the rutting period in autumn, the animals migrate

east¬wards again to the windy lichen heaths. The availability

of winter grazing limits the size of the reindeer

stock on Hardangervidda. The objective of the wild

Black-throated diver (KOJ)

A wild reindeer herd on Hardangervidda (KN) Stoat (KN)

reindeer management is to stabilise the winter population

to accommodate it to the grazing resources.

The flat landscape with its numerous lakes and wetlands

distinguishes Hardangervidda from other mountainous

areas in southern Norway. This habitat forms the basis

for a large and important population of many kinds of

ducks and other wetland species. The breeding populations

of black-throated divers, scaups, velvet scoters,

common scoters, dot¬terels, Temminck’s stints, great

snipes and shore larks are particularly valuable.

 

People and the plateau

People probably came to Hardangervidda at the same

time as the reindeer, after the last Ice Age. About 250

Stone Age sites have been found, the oldest dating

from 6300 BC. The people probably led a nomadic life,

follow¬ing the reindeer migration routes. Many of the

sites are close to bottlenecks in the landscape, where

migrating reindeer herds became compacted to cross

lakes and rivers. The early hunters just used bows and

arrows, but later they also drove the animals into traps

and pitfalls. Botanists have shown that, at times during

the Stone Age, Hardangervidda had woodland and scattered

trees as high as 1100 – 1200 m. Finds from excavations

of Stone Age sites show that the people hunted reindeer

and ptarmigan; elk and trout bones were also found.

The old paths crossing the plateau were important

routes linking southeast and west Norway. Nordmannsslepa,

which links Veggli in Numedal with Eidfjord, with

branches to Hol and Uvdal, is a particularly well-known

path. Shelters used by hunters and fishermen, cattle pens

and transhumance summer dairy farms scattered over

the plateau take our minds back to the hard times when

people had to utilise the resources on Hardanger¬vidda

to survive.

A reindeer hunter (SR) An old house site (KN)

Riding on Hardangervidda (SR)

In our day too, the natural resources on Hardangervidda

are very valuable for the surrounding settlements.

Hardangervidda National Park differs from other

Norwegian national parks because it has been used

a great deal by local people, has many buildings and

much privately owned land. Consequently, there is a

conside¬rable amount of motorised traffic associated

with the harvesting of resources, the upkeep of buildings

and the running of lodges and huts for hikers and skiers.

Large flocks of sheep are taken there to graze each

summer, and for many people fishing and hunting are

highly valued forms of relaxing recreation and sources

of food.

 

Norwegian national parks –

our common natural heritage

National parks are designated to protect large

areas of unspoilt countryside – from the sea to the

mountaintops – for the sake of Nature herself, we

ourselves and future generations.

The national parks contain a wealth of splendid

scenery and varied animal and plant life, waterfalls,

glaciers, towering peaks, never-ending plateaus,

deep forests, and beautiful fjords and coasts.

Cultural heritage sites also show how the areas

were used in bygone days.

The national parks offer a vast range of thrilling and

exciting natural history. Make use of the fantastic

Norwegian countryside – on Nature’s own terms.

Welcome to Norwegian national parks!

 

Caribou

 

 

Hardangervidda National park

Hardangervidda is Northern Europe's largest mountain plateau. Here are the vast, wide expanses, fishing opportunities galore, rich animal and plant life and spectacular waterfalls. Hardangervidda is a particularly valuable highland area and the largest national park in Norway.

The area is important as the home of the largest wild reindeer herds in Europe and the largest sub¬populations of many species of birds that

are comparatively rare in southern Norway. The plateau has a large diversity of plants in the

boun¬dary area between western and eastern species.

 

Evidence of how people have utilised the natural resources is prominent on Hardangervidda in the

form of paths, tracks, shelters and transhumance summer dairy farms. The hunting and fishing

resources are still actively used by people living in the surrounding area.

 

 

Birds

 

You will find over 120 species of birds on Hardangervidda, 10 of these are birds of prey. Hardangervidda Nationalpark is on the Important Bird Areas list, because of its many rear birds and nesting grounds.  Exciting species can be experienced in many places on the wilderness, and it usually pays to go a little off the beaten track and at times other than the most visited.

 

Summer is the best time of year to visit Hardangervidda if one is looking to see as many of the birds as possible.If one dare venture out on an expedition before the snow completely melts early in the spring,  from late May to the end Of June you might get the best experience. However, please note that this may require the use of skis or other suitable footwear. Only a few species stay in Hardangervidda  during the winter time.

Fish

 

Some of the things that lure us to the mountains today have attracted captivators and tourists to the area for generations. The vast expanses of fishing possibilities and wildlife were the "food" of our ancestors.

 

Mountain hikers are still drawn to the countless watercourses and the many fishing waters. In the many shallow waters on the canyon, the trout is the predominant species, which is unique in such a large area worldwide.

 

Fishing resources are still used activly by people living in the surrounding area. And several traditional norwegain dishes use the fish from this area, amonst these we fisnd the local "Rakfisk"

 

 

 

 

 

When the ice melted in Hardangervidda baout 900 years ago, reindeer moss started growing, wich gave the nutritional basis for the caribous exsitence in the area. It is assumed that people followed suit shortly thereafter, and early establishments are found in the area. The oldest of these are approxomatly 6500 BC.  Some of these establishments have been used throught the stone age, bronze age and the iron age alike. Hunting pits can still be seen today.

 

The wild caribou herd in Hardangervidda National park is Norways and Euspoes biggest herd, with remains of the original eurooean mountan caribou, wich is otherwise exstinct. The herd usually consist of about 12. 000 individuals, althoug the number might vary.

 

Artic Fox

 

The artic fox has been protected by law msince 1930, yet it seems that it is problematic to establish a stable population in Hardangervidda Nationalpark. The authorities is currently make an attempt to increase the population by breeding puppies, but much is uncertain about how successful this is. You might still be lucky and catch a glimpse of these amazing and rear creature.

 

Elk

 

 

The elk is most active and easiest to detect at dawn and at dusk.

Watch closely for moose as you pass through fields or timber felling areas. The king of the forest can be seen in the National Park but it is more common to see elk in the forest border around Hardangervidda.

Beaver

 

It is not uncommon to see beaver in rivers along the Hardangervidda National Park. Originally there were beaver in much of northern Europe. Because of the fine coat, the beaver was eagerly hunted, and in many places it was completely eradicated. Many place names at Hardangervidda tell us that the beaver must have been more common before. Bjoreio in the west and Bjordalen on the eastern shore are examples of this. During the 1900s, the beaver population increased and we can find a solid beaver population many places in the area around the National Park today.

 

 

Plants

The plateau has a large diversity of plants in the boundary area between western and eastern species.  The plant cover is most lush in the lime and folitt-rich area around Haukeli and in the west and north parts of the park. The ground is more acidic on the eastern side of the nationalpark, wich creates the base for the reindeer moss. The left side of the nationalpark experience more rain and has a more even temperature, wich creates a higher desnity of plants, with lush succulent grass and plants it is used as teh summer grassing area for both caribou and cattle.

 

 

 

 

From the winter pastures on the eastern shore, the wild cariou wander to the west, where precipitation and nutritious soils forms lush succulent grass for both caribou and cattle. Early in May, the pregnant Sims will reach the calving areas of Vestvidda and Veigdalen.  Caribou bucks and young deer graze in the birch forest.

 

 

Throught the summer, the caribou try to escape mosquitos and other bugs, and often walk up to higher grounds and snowy mountain tops. After the copulation period in the fall, the herd wanders to the east side of the nationalpark.

The largest wild reindeer herds in Europe

Hardangervidda became ice free about 9000 years ago.

Lichens began to grow on the bare ground, providing

food for reindeer. Every spring, the large herds of wild

reindeer migrate westwards from their winter grazing

on the eastern part of the plateau to where high precipitation

and nutrient-rich soils provide good summer

grazing with succulent grass for both reindeer and

domestic livestock. Early in May, the pregnant females

reach their calving grounds. Disturbing them then may

prove disastrous. The males and juveniles migrate to

lower ground and graze in the birch woods.

The reindeer need to escape from mosquitoes and

warble flies later in the summer, and several thousands

may then gather on snowfields on higher ground. After

the rutting period in autumn, the animals migrate

east¬wards again to the windy lichen heaths. The availability

of winter grazing limits the size of the reindeer

stock on Hardangervidda. The objective of the wild

Black-throated diver (KOJ)

A wild reindeer herd on Hardangervidda (KN) Stoat (KN)

reindeer management is to stabilise the winter population

to accommodate it to the grazing resources.

The flat landscape with its numerous lakes and wetlands

distinguishes Hardangervidda from other mountainous

areas in southern Norway. This habitat forms the basis

for a large and important population of many kinds of

ducks and other wetland species. The breeding populations

of black-throated divers, scaups, velvet scoters,

common scoters, dot¬terels, Temminck’s stints, great

snipes and shore larks are particularly valuable.

 

People and the plateau

People probably came to Hardangervidda at the same

time as the reindeer, after the last Ice Age. About 250

Stone Age sites have been found, the oldest dating

from 6300 BC. The people probably led a nomadic life,

follow¬ing the reindeer migration routes. Many of the

sites are close to bottlenecks in the landscape, where

migrating reindeer herds became compacted to cross

lakes and rivers. The early hunters just used bows and

arrows, but later they also drove the animals into traps

and pitfalls. Botanists have shown that, at times during

the Stone Age, Hardangervidda had woodland and scattered

trees as high as 1100 – 1200 m. Finds from excavations

of Stone Age sites show that the people hunted reindeer

and ptarmigan; elk and trout bones were also found.

The old paths crossing the plateau were important

routes linking southeast and west Norway. Nordmannsslepa,

which links Veggli in Numedal with Eidfjord, with

branches to Hol and Uvdal, is a particularly well-known

path. Shelters used by hunters and fishermen, cattle pens

and transhumance summer dairy farms scattered over

the plateau take our minds back to the hard times when

people had to utilise the resources on Hardanger¬vidda

to survive.

A reindeer hunter (SR) An old house site (KN)

Riding on Hardangervidda (SR)

In our day too, the natural resources on Hardangervidda

are very valuable for the surrounding settlements.

Hardangervidda National Park differs from other

Norwegian national parks because it has been used

a great deal by local people, has many buildings and

much privately owned land. Consequently, there is a

conside¬rable amount of motorised traffic associated

with the harvesting of resources, the upkeep of buildings

and the running of lodges and huts for hikers and skiers.

Large flocks of sheep are taken there to graze each

summer, and for many people fishing and hunting are

highly valued forms of relaxing recreation and sources

of food.

 

Norwegian national parks –

our common natural heritage

National parks are designated to protect large

areas of unspoilt countryside – from the sea to the

mountaintops – for the sake of Nature herself, we

ourselves and future generations.

The national parks contain a wealth of splendid

scenery and varied animal and plant life, waterfalls,

glaciers, towering peaks, never-ending plateaus,

deep forests, and beautiful fjords and coasts.

Cultural heritage sites also show how the areas

were used in bygone days.

The national parks offer a vast range of thrilling and

exciting natural history. Make use of the fantastic

Norwegian countryside – on Nature’s own terms.

Welcome to Norwegian national parks!

 

Caribou

 

 

Plants

The plateau has a large diversity of plants in the boundary area between western and eastern species.  The plant cover is most lush in the lime and folitt-rich area around Haukeli and in the west and north parts of the park. The ground is more acidic on the eastern side of the nationalpark, wich creates the base for the reindeer moss. The left side of the nationalpark experience more rain and has a more even temperature, wich creates a higher desnity of plants, with lush succulent grass and plants it is used as teh summer grassing area for both caribou and cattle.

Bever

 

Det er ikke uvanlig å se bever i elver langs Hardangervidda nasjonalpark. Opprinnelig var det mye bever i Nord-Europa, men på grunn av pelsjakt ble beveren nesten utdryddet flere steder. Mange stedsnavn på Hardangervidda forteller oss at beveren må ha vært mer vanlig før. Bjoreio i vest og Bjordalen på østkanten er eksempler på dette. I løpet av 1900-tallet økte beverbestanden og vi kan finne en solid beverbestandighet i dag.

Fjellreven

 

Fjellreven har blitt beskyttet ved lov siden 1930, men det er problematisk å etablere en stabil bestand i Hardangervidda Nasjonalpark. Myndighetene gjør for tiden et forsøk på å øke bestanden ved å avle valper, men mye er usikkert om hvor vellykket dette er. Du kan fortsatt være heldig og få et glimt av disse fantastiske og vakre skapningene.

Elg

 

Elgen er mest aktiv og lettest å oppdage ved daggry og i skumring.

Skogenes konge kan sees i nasjonalparken, men det er mest vanlig å se elg i skoggrensen rundt Hardangervidda.

 

Planteliv

Hardangervidda Nasjonalpark har et stort mangfold av planter. Plantelivet er mest frodig i det kalk- og folitt rike området rundt Haukeli, i de vestlige og nordlige delene av parken. Jorden er surere på den østlige siden av nasjonalparken, noe som danner grunnlaget for reinlavet. Vest siden av nasjonalparken har en jevnere temperatur og mer nedbør, noe som gir høyere vekst av planter. Og vestsiden med frodig og saftig gress og brukes som sommerbeite for både rein og fe.